U.S. Warrant Records Database - Guaranteed Instant Results
This state has no counties.
Gender:  All  Male  Female

Decatur Illinois IL Warrant Search

If you want to search for outstanding arrest warrants in Decatur Illinois IL - the easiest and safest way would be to use an online warrant search service that will allow you to gather information from several different local and national databases and provide you with a detailed report regarding the individual's warrant status, without leaving the comfort of your home or office.

If you are doing a new search on yourself, it is recommended that you use govwarrantsearch.org. This is a discreet warrant search service that will allow you to search anonymously without fear of prosecution. This is probably one of the most trusted and thorough services in the industry.

With govwarrantsearch.org, you will have access to the same technology that both law enforcement and private investigators use on a daily basis. The service will compile everything about your subject in one detailed report and make for easy analysis. Having all of this information in less than a minute is as easy as filling out the form above.

If you prefer the "manual" approach - You can always visit your local law enforcement office for this information. The police officer will charge you a nominal fee and provide you with a print-out of the individual's warrant record. It is not suggested to do this type of search on yourself. Obviously, the police officer will be forced to arrest you if they find that you have a Illinois IL warrant against your record.

The Definition of a Warrant

The simplest way to define a warrant is: a court document that commands police to take a particular action. There are several different types of warrants, but the most common are arrest warrants and search warrants.
While arrest warrants command police to arrest individuals, search warrants command of the police to search specified locations. A warrant is a legal document, signed by a judge and administered by the police.

The Definition of an Arrest Warrant

Fortunately in the United States, Police Departments are not allowed to randomly arrest its citizens. First, a judge must sign a legal document called an arrest warrant before law enforcement can make an arrest. Arrest warrants can be issued for various reasons, but, failure to appear at court is the most common cause. Keep in mind that police officers will enter homes and places of business to incarcerate fugitives with arrest warrants on their record.

How to Find Out If You Have a Warrant in Decatur Illinois IL:

Whether you're searching for a warrant on yourself or others, you have a few options to get the job done. The first option is to head down to your local police department and make a warrant request. The only problem with this option is that you usually need a good reason to do a search on someone else. If you convinced the officer that you have a good reason - obtaining a warrant report will cost a nominal fee, and a bit of patience. Keep in mind that this is a low priority request, and the police officer at the front desk will often take their time with your arrest warrant search.
A word of warning: this method is not suggested if you are doing an arrest warrant search on yourself. If the police determine that you have an active warrant, they will arrest you and you will not have a chance to prepare your defense. You also shouldn't use this method when checking on the status of family members or close friends as well. This is because the police will attempt to gather information about the person's whereabouts. You could even be brought into the situation if you attempt to deceive the police, as obstructing justice is a crime.

The easiest and safest way to check if someone has an outstanding warrant on file is by using a public online search engine, like govwarrantsearch.org. This site will allow you to instantly investigate anyone's background using all national databases and receive the information that you need without having to go anywhere in person. You can easily gather information from many databases with a single click, and either conduct an in-state search for warrants in Decatur Illinois IL, or use the "Nationwide" option to search for warrants anywhere else in the entire United States. Aside from being quick and easy, an online search is also beneficial because of the privacy that it affords you. You can avoid putting your freedom in jeopardy by searching online. Using a public online search like govwarrantsearch.org is the recommended method for anyone that needs arrest warrant information.

Bench Warrants Defined

A bench warrant is placed against any individual that does not show up for a court date as scheduled. This warrant directs law enforcement to seek out this individual and place them into custody. As far as the police are concerned, an individual with a bench warrant is a fugitive at large.

If you have a bench warrant against you, it is important to take care of the situation as soon as possible. Usually, local law enforcement officers are very active when it comes to serving bench warrants. It is not uncommon for the police to arrive at your home at 2 AM to take you to jail.

Search Warrants Defined

A search warrant is a court order document that allows a particular law enforcement agency to search a home or place of business for proof of illegal activity. Search warrants are signed by a judge and very specific in nature. Law enforcement must adhere to the verbiage of the document or risk having their evidence inadmissible in court. Search warrants have a specific expiration date and the police cannot continue to return without a new search warrant.

If you are served with a search warrant, you should ask to read the warrant to ensure that the police are following the court order properly. It will detail the types of evidence that can be removed, when they are allowed to search, as well as the limitations on where law enforcement are allowed to search. While law enforcement officers are allowed to confiscate any contraband that they locate during the search (drugs, unregistered weapons, etc.), they can only remove evidence listed in the search warrant.

Outstanding Warrants and Active Warrants Explained

Both active warrants and outstanding warrants have the same meaning and can be used equally in the eyes of the law. With that being said, the term, "outstanding warrant" is most often used to describe warrants that are several years old. Regardless of the chosen phrase, both outstanding warrants and active warrants are court-ordered documents that allow law enforcement to arrest an individual using any means necessary.

I Have Not Been Notified By The Police - Could I Still Have An Arrest Warrant On File?
You should never wait on notification from the police to determine if you have an arrest warrant on file. The sad truth is that the majority of individuals arrested were unaware of a warrant on their record. Silvia Conrad experienced this first hand when a police officer randomly appeared at her place of work. She was completely unaware of a warrant placed against her, but was hauled off to jail. While it may create an embarrassing experience, the police will do whatever it takes to apprehend you.

To understand why you may not be notified properly, you should look at it from the prospective of the police. It basically makes law enforcement's job much easier. The police would rather catch you off guard than prepared and ready to run. Bottom Line - Whether you have been notified or not, the police will find you and arrest you to serve their warrant.
How to Avoid Being Picked Up On An Arrest Warrant

Before you get your hopes up and think that you can actually live a normal life with an arrest warrant on your record, you must realize that this is an impossible venture. Even if you were capable of eluding the police for quite some time, your life would be anything but normal. The thought of a looming arrest would always be on your mind, and would force you to constantly `watch your back' for the police.

Unfortunately, the sad truth is that the majority of arrest warrants get served years after the warrant is issued. "Don't Run!" is probably the best advice that one can receive. Its much better to take care of the problem as soon as possible than wait until you've gotten your life back together and find that you're being drawn back into the same old situation..

Do Arrest Warrants Expire?

Regardless of the state that the warrant was filed, there is no expiration of an arrest warrant. These warrants will only go away in the case of:
a) Death
b) Appearance before the judge that ordered the warrant
c) Arrest

General Information from wikipedia: 
Decatur, Illinois Decatur (pronounced /dəˈkeɪtər/) is the largest city and the county seat of Macon County in the U.S. state of Illinois. The city, sometimes called 'the Soybean Capital of the World', was founded in 1823 and is located along the Sangamon River and Lake Decatur in Central Illinois. In 2000 the city population was 81,500. According to Sperling's Best Places, Decatur's metropolitan area population is 114,749.Decatur is a classic Midwest USA small city situated with homes and park areas facing Lake Decatur, and with many historic brick buildings downtown. This city is home of private Millikin University and public Richland Community College.In the transition from a manufacturing to a service economy, Decatur has experienced some population sprawl as new development activity grows to the outer Decatur metro area, seemingly blurring the detectable boundaries of contiguous city limits of neighboring communities Mount Zion, Harristown, and Forsyth.Decatur and Macon County's most notable resident was Abraham Lincoln, who settled with his family west of town in 1830. He later practiced law in the city after moving to nearby Springfield. Geography Decatur is located at 39°51′6″N 88°56′39″W / 39.85167°N 88.94417°W / 39.85167; -88.94417 (39.851636, -88.944228). Decatur is 3 hours SW of Chicago, and 2 hours NE of St. Louis by car.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.9 square miles (118.8 km²), of which, 41.6 square miles (107.6 km²) of it is land and 4.3 square miles (11.2 km²) of it (9.42%) is water. Lakes include Lake Decatur, formed in 1923 by the damming of the Sangamon River.The Decatur, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area (population 109,900) includes surrounding towns of Argenta, Bement, Bethany, Boody, Blue Mound, Cerro Gordo, Clinton, Dalton City, Elwin, Findlay, Forsyth, Harristown, Illiopolis, Kirksville, La Place, Long Creek, Macon, Maroa, Monticello, Moweaqua, Mount Auburn, Mount Zion, Niantic, Oakley, Oreana, Stonington, Sullivan, and Warrensburg. Demographics As of the census of 2000, there were 81,860 people, 34,086 households, and 21,099 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,969.7 people per square mile (760.5/km²). There were 37,239 housing units at an average density of 896.0/sq mi (346.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.59% White, 19.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population.There were 34,086 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90.In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from ages 18 to 24, 26.0% from ages 25 to 44, 22.5% from ages 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.The median income for a household in the city was $33,111, and the median income for a family was $42,379. Males had a median income of $36,920 versus $22,359 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,009. About 12.1% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. Civics The city's motto is 'Decatur, We Like it Here'. The old motto was 'The Pride of the Prairie'. 'The Soybean Capital of the World' is the un-official, but popular motto.Decatur was awarded the All-America City Award in 1960.The city's symbol is the Transfer House, an early-twentieth-century Victorian structure located originally in the center of town where the city's mass transit lines met. The Transfer House was moved in 1963 to save it from possible destruction as increasing automobile traffic flowed through the highway routed through downtown.Decatur is a sister city to Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan and to Seevetal, Lower Saxony, Germany. Government Mayor Mike McElroy was elected in April 2009 and began duties office in May, to fill out the remaining 2 years of the 4 year term of office. Mike Carrigan served for a year as Mayor, after being selected by the City Council after the unusual circumstances surrounding the abrupt resignation of former Mayor Paul Osborne, following a year of turmoil and leadership crisis.Former City Manager Steve Garman resigned May 2, 2008 and Mayor Paul Osborne resigned June 1, 2008[not in citation given] Mayors Charles M. Borchers (1909–1911; 1919–1923) Elmer R. Elder (1925) Harry E. Barber (1935) Kaleb R. Lee James A. Hedrick (1945) Robert E. Willis (1953) J. Clayton Povler (1954) Robert A. Grohne (1959–1963) James H Rupp (1964–1976) Gary Anderson Erik Brechnitz Terry M. Howley (1995–2003) Paul Osborne (2003–2008) (resigned) Mike Carrigan (2008–2009) Mike McElroy (2009–present) Mike Carrigan, previously an elected Decatur City Councilman and Mayor-Pro Tem, became new Decatur IL Mayor by City Council appointment 2008-06-01 after the previous Mayor Osborne resigned. Carrigan served for a year, declining to run in the election to fill the remaining 2 years of a four-year term. Decatur Municipal Band The Muni band was organized Sept. 19, 1857, making it one of the oldest nonmilitary bands in continuous service in the United States and Canada.[citation needed] It was originally known as the Decatur Brass Band, Decatur Comet Band and the Decatur Silver Band until 1871 when it was reorganized by Andrew Goodman and became the Goodman Band. In 1942 it was officially designated as the Decatur Municipal Band. Quality of life Sperling's Best Places says the city of Decatur, Illinois, on a scale of 1 to 10, has a property crime rate of 7 and a violent crime rate of 6, both of which are above the national average of 3 and is very close to the ratings given to Chicago (both 7). The metro area, however, has a violent crime rating of 2 and a property crime rating of 3.Sperling's Best Places also reports 200 average days of sunshine for the Decatur metro area, which is near the national average of 205 Library The Decatur Public Library was originally built with a grant from Andrew Carnegie, this original library was built in 1902 and opened to the public in 1903. The building served the community until 1970 when the library was moved to a new building downtown on North Street. In 1999 the library moved to its present location, the former Sears building, on Franklin Street. The library is part of the Rolling Prairie Library System. Sports Decatur was the original home of the Chicago Bears, from 1919 to 1920. The football team was then known as the Decatur Staleys and played at Staley Field, both named after the local food-products manufacturer.From 1900 to 1974 Decatur was the home of The Commodores, a minor-league baseball team playing at Fans Field.The USTA/Ursula Beck Pro Tennis Classic has been held annually since 1999. Male players from over 20 countries compete for $10,000 in prize money as well as ATP world ranking points at the Fairview Park Tennis Complex. The tournament is held for ten consecutive days at Fairview Park concluding on the first weekend in August.Starting in 2007, Decatur has hosted the Rodney T. Miller Lakeside Triathlon. This sprint-distance triathlon presently is scheduled on the first weekend each July.In 2009 Prairie Land Competitive baseball was formed and looking for baseball players to join a new league fit for all skill levels 18 years or older and will compete with local teams and against teams from cities such as Champaign Urbana, Bloomington-Normal, Springfield, Lincoln, Monticello, Clinton, Pana, and Mattoon-Charleston. https://sites.google.com/site/prairielandcompetitivebaseball/ High School basketball The Decatur High School [later Stephen Decatur H. S.] 'Reds'/'Runnin' Reds' won the Illinois High School Association (IHSA) State Basketball Championship in 1931, 1936, 1945, and 1962. In addition, they were 2nd in 1937; 3rd in 1964; and 4th in 1912, 1951, 1960, and 1966. For many years they held the overall record for appearances in the 'Sweet 16' and the 'Elite 8.' They were consistently one of the premier high school basketball teams in America. Legendary coach Galen Kintner was at the helm for the first three titles. Softball The following Decatur men's fast pitch softball teams have won national championships: ADM 1981Amateur Softball Association(ASA) Champions 1984 International Softball Congress (ISC) Champions Decatur Pride 1994Amateur Softball Association(ASA) Champions 1999Amateur Softball Association(ASA) Champions 1999Amateur Softball Association(ASA) Champions 2000 International Softball Congress (ISC) Champions Newspapers Herald & Review– Daily Decatur Tribune- Weekly The Voice — Weekly The Decaturian— Bi-weekly, published by Millikin University Magazines Decatur Magazine— Bi-monthly Television 17WAND,NBC AM radio WDZ—1050 AM– ESPN Radio WSOY-1340 AM– News/Talk DCR 1650- 1650 AM — Community FM radio WCZQ- 105.5 FM – Hip Hop & R&B WJMU– 89.5 FM – Millikin University — Alternative WYDS– 93.1 FM – Top-40 WDZQ– 95.1 FM – Country WXFM — 99.3 — Hot AC WZUS- 100.9 FM — Talk WSOY-102.9 FM– Top-40 WEJT– 105.1 FM – Classic Hits WZNX- 106.7 FM — Classic Rock WDKR — 107.3 — Oldies Economy Decatur has production facilities for Caterpillar , Archer Daniels Midland, Mueller Co., and Tate & Lyle (previously A. E. Staley). The corporate world headquarters for Archer Daniels Midland, the leading agricultural processor and ethanol producer is in Decatur. Other large employers include Millikin University and the Norfolk Southern Railway.[citation needed]A large former Firestone factory is currently being used as storage space for Caterpillar Inc.. From 1917-1922 Decatur was the location of the Comet Automobile Co., and the Pan-American Motor Corp.[citation needed] Colleges Millikin University(enrollment 2,400), a four year institution of higher education, has a 75-acre (300,000 m2) campus founded byJames Millikinand was originally affiliated with thePresbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Richland Community College(enrollment 3,500) is a comprehensivecommunity college. It is also host to the biannual National Farm Progress Show. Public schools K-12 public education in the Decatur area is provided by the Decatur Public School District #61. High school athletics participates in the Big 12 Conference.Eisenhower High School(Mascot: Panthers) MacArthur High School(Mascot: Generals) Private schools Decatur Christian Schools Lutheran School Association of Decatur St. Teresa High School Our Lady of Lourdes School Holy Family Catholic School St. Patrick's School Northwest Christian Campus Parks Local Macon County park resources include Lake Decatur, Lincoln Trail Homestead State Memorial, Rock Springs Conservation Area, Fort Daniel Conservation Area, Sand Creek Recreation Area, Griswold Conservation Area, Friends Creek Regional Park, and Spitler Woods State Natural Area. Decatur, at one time was dubbed 'Park City U.S.A.' because it had more parks per person that any other city in the country. Transportation Decatur Airport is served by three daily commercial flights on Cessna Grand Caravans to and from Lambert-St. Louis International Airport on Air Choice One. The airport facility has hosted notable visitors Presidents John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan, Vice-President Dan Quayle, and Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev (at the invitation of his long-time friend, Dwayne Andreas, former CEO of Archer Daniels Midland).Interstate 72, U.S. Route 51, U.S. Route 36, Illinois Route 48, Illinois Route 105, and Illinois Route 121 are key highway links for the area, as well.A bus-trolley system operates in the downtown and college campus areas. History The city is named after War of 1812 naval hero Stephen Decatur, Jr.Decatur has become an affiliate of the U.S. Main Street program, in conjunction with the National Trust for Historic Preservation.Post No. 1 of the Grand Army of the Republic was founded by Civil War veterans in Decatur on April 6, 1866.The Edward P. Irving House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1911, is located at #2 Millikin Place, Decatur. In addition, the Robert Mueller Residence, 1 Millikin Place, and the Adolph Mueller Residence, 4 Millikin Place, have been attributed to Wright's assistants Hermann V. von Holst and Marion Mahony. Abraham Lincoln Decatur was the first home in Illinois of Abraham Lincoln, who settled just west of Decatur with his family in 1830. Lincoln gave his first political speech in Decatur about the importance of Sangamon River navigation that caught the attention of Illinois political leaders.[citation needed] As a lawyer on the 8th Judicial Circuit, Lincoln made frequent stops in Decatur, and argued five cases in the log courthouse that stood on the corner of Main & Main Streets. The original courthouse is now on the grounds of the Macon County Historical Museum on North Fork Road.[citation needed]On May 9 and 10, 1860, the Illinois Republican State Convention was held in Decatur. At this convention Lincoln received his first endorsement for President of the United States as 'The Railsplitter Candidate.' In commemoration of Lincoln's bicentennial the Illinois Republican State Convention was held in Decatur at the Decatur Conference Center and Hotel on June 6 & 7, 2008. ADM price-fixing case In early November 1992, the high-ranking Archer Daniels Midland Co. (ADM) executive Mark Whitacre confessed to a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent that ADM executives, including Whitacre himself, had routinely met with competitors to fix the price of lysine, a food additive.The lysine conspirators, including ADM, ultimately settled federal charges for more than $100 million. ADM also paid hundreds of millions of dollars [$400 million alone on the high fructose corn syrup Class Action case] to plaintiffs/customers that it stole from during the price-fixing schemes. Furthermore, several Asian and European lysine and citric acid producers, that conspired to fix prices with ADM, paid criminal fines in the tens of millions of dollars to the U.S. government. Several executives, including the Vice Chairman of ADM, did federal prison time.The investigation and prosecution of ADM and some of its executives has been reported to be one of the 'best documented corporate crimes in American history'. The events were the basis of a book named The Informant as well as a film named The Informant! Consecutive tornadoes On April 18 and 19, 1996, the city was hit by tornadoes. On the 18th an F1 tornado hit the city's southeast side, followed by an F3 tornado the following evening on the Northwest Side. The two storms totaled approximately $10.5 Million in property damage. Jesse Jackson protest In November 1999, Decatur was brought into the national news when the Rev. Jesse Jackson and the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition protested the expulsion and treatment of several African American students who had been involved in a serious fight at an Eisenhower High School football game. The students were video-taped in the stands kicking and beating another student. In response to several nation wide incidents, Eisenhower had recently adopted a new 'zero tolerance' policy to combat fighting on campus. The enforcement of this policy resulted in the expulsion of the students fighting in the stands. This story made national news because of the quality video that was shot of the fight and the resultant expulsion.[citation needed] Jackson was arrested and detained briefly; however, charges were later dropped.[dead link] Firestone Tire problems In May 2000, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) contacted Firestone Tire about the high incidence of tire failure on Ford Explorers, Mercury Mountaineers, and Mazda Navajos fitted with Firestone tires. Investigators found that several models of 15' Firestone tires (ATX, ATX II, and Wilderness AT) had very high failure rates, especially those made at Firestone's Decatur plant. Investigators also found that the failure rates were brought down to normal levels when installed on other sport utility vehicles.[citation needed] The plant opted to pay off the lawsuits rather than recall the tires. This was one of the leading factors to the closing of the Decatur plant. Another leading factor that led to the closing of the plant, was the age of the facility and the equipment. Firestone officials have been quoted saying that the plant was going to be closed in the near future anyway and it happened to coincide with the tire failures.[citation needed] Inventions in Decatur Spiral ScrewdriverDecatur Coffin Companies' Early SpiralScrewdriver Photo TimerRobert Faries'PneumaticPhoto Timer Flyswatter invented by Robert Montgomery, who holds the patent from c. 1900 Radar GunLaw enforcement radar invented by Bryce K. Brown of Decatur Electronics On April 24, 1923, US Patent #1452956 was issued to Arthur W. Cash of Decatur. Mr Cash assigned the patent to Harvey A. Sellers owner of the Hi-Flier Manufacturing Company of Decatur. The patent was for the design of an inexpensive paper kite which dominated the children's kite market from the 1920s to the 1960s. Music 'Decatur, Or, Round of Applause For Your Step Mother!' is a song bySufjan Stevenson his albumIllinois. The song refers to several locations and events associated with Decatur, including the Caterpillar factory, Greenwood cemetery, the chicken mobile from Krekel's, strong historical ties toAbraham Lincoln, and the Sangamon River. Canadian folk singerWillie P. Bennettwrote a song titled 'Decatur' which he performed live but never recorded. Movies The Informant!is a 2009 film about the Archer Daniels Midland lysine scandal. It is directed bySteven Soderberghand starsMatt Damonas the informant Whitacre. In the 2008 filmLeatherheadsstaring George Clooney, there is scene where a man and woman are sitting in the stands at a football game. The woman asks 'how owning a football team will help sell corn starch?', then the camera pans the scoreboard and reveals that one of the teams is Decatur. In the 1986 filmFerris Bueller's Day Off, Cameron mentions his mother is in Decatur for business. In the 1971 filmShaft, Lt. Androzzi informs Shaft that one of themobbigwigs coming to the city is from Decatur. In the filmBachelor Party,Tom Hankscroons that he is from Decatur, Illinois. In the 1993 filmSo I Married an Axe Murderer, a map of Illinois with Decatur featured prominently is displayed in the background behind Harriet (played byNancy Travis) in the film's closing scenes. The 1948 Jimmy Stewart filmCall Northside 777mentions a character in the film going down to Decatur. Television In the 1960s TV seriesThe Fugitive, the season two, episode nine entitled 'Escape into Black', and airing November 17, 1964 takes place in Decatur. OnComedy Central's television showThe Colbert Report,Stephen Colbertmentions Decatur and its slogan 'We like it here' during his segment 'Better Know a District', episode 47, Season Three, Phil Hare. The Lincoln Square Theater located on Main Street in Decatur was featured onTravel Channel's 'Most Terrifying Places in America'.
Source article: 

Note: This site is not affiliated with the United States Government or any Federal or State government agency. State seals on the website's pages simply mean that searches are available for these states.
Text taken from Wikipedia is marked as such and is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License (found at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/). Additional terms may apply. See details at http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Terms_of_Use. Note that non of Wikipedia's text on this site should be considered as endorsing this site or any of it's content in any way.

By using this site, you certify that you will use any information obtained for lawfully acceptable purposes. Please be advised that it is against the law to use the information obtained from this site to stalk or harass others. Search requests on public officials, juveniles, and/or celebrities are strictly prohibited. Users who request information under false pretenses or use data obtained from this site in contravention of the law may be subject to civil & criminal penalties. All searches are subject to terms of use and applicable law. Information contained herein is derived from records that may have errors and/or not always be accurate or complete.
Copyright 2009 GovWarrantSearch.com. All rights reserved.